The Physics of the Universe - Difficult Topics Made Understandable


In the preparation of this website I have made free use of a great many books and websites. Among the most important and most often referenced (although in no particular order) are:


Disclosure: Whenever possible, I linked to books with my amazon affiliate code, and as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Purchasing from these links helps to keep the website running, and I am grateful for your support!


  • "The Elegant Universe" (Nova, 2003)
  • "The Universe" (History Channel, 2007)
  • "Journey to the Edge of the Universe" (National Geographic Channel, 2008)
  • "Stephen Hawking, Master of the Universe" (Channel 4, 2008)
  • "Into the Universe With Stephen Hawking" (Discovery Channel, 2010)
  • "Through the Wormhole" (Science Channel, 2010)
  • "How the Universe Works" (Discovery Channel, 2010)
  • "The Fabric of the Cosmos" (Nova, 2011)



While there are several different citation formats, each with their own versions and update schedules, it seems that the APA format includes most common attributes and would look like something like this (adapt for the specific content you're referencing):
Mastin, L. (2009, October). Early Modern World. Retrieved [Month, day, year], from
The same date can be used for all the articles on this website.


If there are any glaring errors in this website, the fault is almost certainly my own (and not that of these sources). I would appreciate any feedback, complaints, notification of broken links, copyright infringements, even spelling mistakes. Also please check out AI news website which generate news using AI from

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